Ser Conjugation- Spanish Grammar, Meaning, Charts, Preterite

The idea of verb conjugation in Spanish is the same as it is in English. However, the details are a little more complex compared to English. Furthermore, verb conjugation refers to the different changes of a verb in order for it to understand valuable information about the action. Moreover, Spanish conjugations give us details about a person, the time, and their mood. In other words, the conjugated form of the verb can give us some understanding of the person who is performing the action, when the action is being performed, and the relation of the verb to the remaining parts of the sentence.

Conjugation Meaning

In linguistics, conjugation is the formation of derived forms of a verb from its main parts by inflexion (which is an alteration of form according to rules of grammar). For example, the verb break can be combined to form the words break, breaks, broke, broken and breaking. However, while English has a somewhat simple combination, other languages such as French, Spanish and Arabic are more complex, with each verb having dozens of combined forms. On the other hand, some languages such as Georgian and Basque have highly complicated mixed systems with hundreds of likely mixes for every verb.

Read Also:Repetir Conjugation- everything you need to know about it

To sum up, the term conjugation is used only for the inflexion of verbs. On the contrary, it is not applied to the other parts of speech (inflexion of nouns and adjectives is known as declension). In addition, it is often limited to representing the building of finite forms of a verb. Therefore, these may be referred to as joined forms, as opposed to non-finite forms. For instance, the infinitive or gerund, which tend not to be marked for most of the grammatical classes.

Ser Conjugation

Ser Conjugation Meaning

Firstly, Ser means ‘to be’. Additionally, it is used to identify people and things, origin, possession, and time. Moreover, we’ll also discuss verb types and verb combinations in this article.

Ser Conjugation Preterite

Specifically, the preterit tense of ser:

Conjugation Translation
yo fui I was
tú fuiste You (informal) were
él/ella/ello/uno fue He/she/one was
nosotros fuimos We were

For example, Fuimos al baile anoche. (We went to the dance last night.)

Ser Conjugation Present

To illustrate, The present tense of ser

Conjugation Translation
yo soy I am
tú eres You (informal) are
él/ella/ello/uno es He/she/one is
nosotros somos We are

For instance, La boda es el veintisiete de junio. (The wedding is on the 27th of June.)

Ser Conjugation Imperfect

To illustrate, The imperfect tense of ser

Conjugation Translation
yo era I used to be
tú eras You (informal) used to be
él/ella/ello/uno era He/she/one used to be
nosotros éramos We used to be

For example, Eramos futbolistas. (We used to be soccer players.)

Ser Conjugation Future

Specifically, The future tense of ser

Conjugation Translation
yo seré I will be
tú serás You (informal) will be
él/ella/ello/uno será He/she/one will be
usted será You (formal) will be
nosotros seremos We will be

For example, Mary sera una gran bailarina. (Mary will be a great dancer.)

Ser Conjugation Imperfect Subjunctive

On the other hand, the imperfect tense of Ser Conjugation allows us to express hypothetical situations that are often subject to a condition, or simply a wish. For example, Si yo fuera millonario, donaría parte de mi dinero. (If I were a millionaire, I would donate part of my money).

Subject Pronoun Ser in Imperfect Subjunctive Pronunciation Translation
Yo fuera FWEH-rah I were
Tu fueras FWEH-rahs you (informal, singular) were
El/Ella fuera FWEH-rah-mos he/she were, you (formal, singular) were
nosotros fuéramos FWEH-rah we were
vosotros fuerais FWEH-rah-ees You are(informal, plural)were
ellos / ellas / Uds. fueran FWEH-rahn they/you are(formal, plural)were

Ser Conjugation Subjunctive

The present progressive of Ser Conjugation is not very common. However,  whenever used, you express that you or someone else ‘is being’ something. Moreover, this can happen ‘right now’ or within a situation that continues up to the present moment.

For example, Tú estás siendo buen estudiante. (‘You are being a good student’.)

Present Subjunctive

Personal Pronoun Conjugation
Yo sea
Tu seas
El/Ella sea
nosotros seamos
vosotros seáis
ellos / ellas / Uds. sean

Ser Conjugation

Ser Conjugation vs Estar Conjugation

Typically, Ser conjugation is used in a simple way. For instance, to talk about WHAT something is (an endless state). In addition, to present factors that are an important part of the thing we’re talking about.

On the other hand, Estar is used for talking about HOW something is. Therefore, we use it for situations, locations, emotions, and actions (short-lived states).

Moreover, Ser conjugation is used for these situations:

  • Firstly, The hour, day, and date.
  • Secondly, Place of origin.
  • Thirdly, Occupation.
  • Fourthly, Nationality.
  • Further, Religious or political association.
  • Furthermore, The material something is made of.
  • Then, Possession.
  • Next, Relationship of one person to another.
  • Additionally, Where an event is taking place.
  • Finally, Basic qualities (what makes this thing, this thing?).

However, Estar is used for:

  • Firstly, Geographic or physical places.
  • Secondly, State or condition (like emotions).
  • Thirdly, Many idiomatic expressions.
  • Finally, Progressive tenses (-ing).


Ser Conjugation Chart

Spanish/English Conjugations – Indicative

English Conjugation Spanish
To speak Infinitive Hablar
I speak Present Hablo
I spoke Preterit Hablé
I was speaking Imperfect Hablaba
I will speak Future Hablaré
I would speak Conditional Hablaría
I had spoken Imperfect Perfect He hablado
I have spoken Present Perfect Había hablado
I would have spoken Conditional Perfect Habría hablado
I am speaking Present Progressive Estoy hablando
I will be speaking Future Progressive Estaré hablando
I would be speaking Conditional Progressive Estaría hablando
I have been speaking Present Perfect Progressive He Estado hablando
I had been speaking Imperfect Perfect Progressive Había Estado hablando
I will have speaking Future Perfect Progressive Habré Estado hablando
I would have speaking Conditional Perfect Progressive Habría Estado hablando

Spanish/English Conjugations – Subjunctive

English Conjugation Spanish
(It is important that she) speak Present Hable
(It was important that she) speak Imperfect Hablara
(It will be important that she) speak Future Hablare
I have spoken Present Present Haya hablado
I had spoken Imperfect Present Hubiera hablado
I will have spoken Future Perfect Hubiere hablado

Conjugation Spanish Verbs

Certainly, to give the other forms of Spanish verbs is to learn to organise them. In addition, you should first note that Spanish verbs are made up of a stem and an ending to do so.

In their basic or “infinitive” form, all Spanish verbs can have one of three endings: “-ar”, “-er” or “-ir”. Hence, this is what you will use to put them into one of the three following types:

  • Firstly, Verbs which ends in “-ar”. For instance, regular verbs amar (to love), cantar (to sing) and trabajar (to work).
  • Secondly, Verbs which ends in “-er”. For example, regular verbs comer (to eat), beber (to drink) and correr (to run)
  • Thirdly, Verbs which ends in “-ir”. For example, regular verbs vivir (to live), abrir (to open) and escribir (to write)

Furthermore, by dropping the infinitive ending, a verb’s stem will be shown. For example, by dropping the “-ar” in amar you will get the stem “am-“.

Ser Conjugation

Conjugation Spanish Past Tense

The Spanish past tense conjugation can get a little bit complex. Therefore, one tip is to start with the easiest and most commonly used Spanish present perfect (pretérito perfecto). Secondly, when you’re studying Spanish present perfect verb conjugation, focus on the most frequently used verbs and some irregular ones.

Usually, in Latin America, “pretéterito indefinido” (the Spanish simple past) is often heard. However, if you’re in Spain or Latin America, in 90% of the cases, local people will understand if you use the “pretérito perfecto” instead of the Spanish simple past (“pretéterito indefinido”).

On the other hand, the Spanish imperfect past tense only has three irregular verbs to study – woohoo: ver (to see), ir (to go) y ser (to be).

However, there are three Spanish past tenses that you need to know as a beginner or intermediate speaker:

Firstly, The Spanish preterite (pretérito perfecto simple, or pretérito indefinido)

Secondly, The Spanish present perfect (pretérito perfecto)

Thirdly, The Spanish imperfect (pretérito imperfecto)

Furthermore, the Spanish past tense “Pretérito Imperfecto” emphasizes the process or the habitual repetition of an action. However, the Spanish past tense “pretérito perfecto” is very similar to the English present perfect. For instance, the Spanish words like hoy (today), Nunca (never), últimamente (lately) are signal words for the use of the “pretérito perfecto”.


Ayer fui al gimnasio.

( Yesterday, I went to the gym. /Yesterday, I was at the gym.)


Hoy ya he surfeado dos veces.

(Today, I have already surfed twice.)


Cuando yo era joven, siempre andaba a la escuela a pie.

(When I was young, I always walked to school.)

hablar (to talk) ser (to be)
trabajar (to work) estar (to be)
necesitar (to need/require) tener (to have)
preguntar (to ask) hacer (to make)
ayudar (to help) ir (to go)

Conjugation Spanish Present Tense

Subsequently, the present tense is the most commonly used tense in Spanish and functions quite similarly to the English present tense. In addition, the present tense is used to express many things. Furthermore, it is used to describe something that is happening either right now (the bus is leaving) or in the near future (the bus leaves in an hour), to express a known truth (the bus is comfortable) or to tell a regular action (I take the bus to work every week).

Moreover, it is also necessary to keep in mind that in English there are more ways to express an action in the present than in Spanish.

For example, “I drink”, “I am drinking”, “I do drink”- three are expressed as Yo Bebo.

Spanish Present Tense: -ar, -er and -ir verbs:

All Spanish verbs end in one of the following ways:
  • Firstly, ar. For example, amar, asar, borrar, estudiar, hablar, jugar, saltar, tomar.
  • Secondly, er. For example, beber, comer, comprender, leer, temer, vender.
  • Thirdly, ir. For example, mentir, pedir, sentir, subir, vivir.

Consequently, Regular verbs follow the same pattern as other verbs with which they share endings. In fact, the root of the verb (the part up until the -ar, -er or -ir) stays the same, while the ending is replaced according to the subject.


Firstly, the root for SALTAR is “salt-“. Secondly, the root for AMAR is “am-“.


Firstly, The root for COMER is “com-“. Secondly, the root for COMPRENDER is “comprend-“. Finally, let us see how the endings change:

Infinitive                                 Stem (without -er)

comer (to eat)                         com-

depender (to depend)             depend-

When the infinitive of the Spanish verb ends in -er, it means that the verb belongs to the second combination. For Instance, comer, depender.

On the other hand, the stem of regular -er verbs in the present simple tense is formed by taking the infinitive and chopping off -er.


Firstly, the root for VIVIR is “viv-“. Secondly, the root for SUBIR is “sub-“. Finally, let us see how the endings change:

Infinitive                              Stem (without -ir)

vivir (to live)                          viv-

recibir (to receive)                recib-

When the infinitive of the Spanish verb ends in -ir, it means that the verb belongs to the third combination. For example, vivir, recibir.

Meanwhile, the stem of regular -ir verbs in the present simple tense is formed by taking the infinitive and chopping off -ir.

Conjugation Spanish AR Verbs

When the infinitive of the Spanish verb ends in -ar, it means that the verb belongs to the first combination. For instance, hablar, lavar, llamar.

Furthermore, to understand which form of the verb to use in Spanish, you need to work out what the stem of the verb is. Finally, add the correct ending. Moreover, the stem of regular -ar verbs in the present simple tense is formed by taking the infinitive and chopping off -ar.

Infinitive Stem (without -ar)
hablar (to speak) habl-
hablar (to speak) lav-

Conjugation Spanish Estar

Estar translates as “to be”. However, it is helpful to think of this verb as an action that expresses a status or condition. Moreover, it usually refers to short-lived states that will likely change in the near future.

Estar Conjugation: Indicative Mood

Estar Conjugation: Simple Tenses of the Indicative Mood

Subject Present Preterite Imperfect Conditional Future






















(would be)






(will be)






Ser Conjugation

Ser Conjugation Quizlet

In short, Quizlet is a multi-national American company that creates and designs tools used for studying and learning. Moreover, Quizlet’s primary products include digital flashcards, matching games, practice electronic examinations, and live quizzes. In addition, Quizlet is also used to learn Spanish by a lot of users. Hence, the application is quite helpful even for beginners. Therefore, Quizlet users can create their own tests and operate their skills. However, using the application for the first time can be a little hard since one does not know the parts of the app. Finally, once someone masters it, it turns out to be a piece of a cakewalk.

Ser Conjugation Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What does conjugation mean in Spanish?

Firstly, the concept of verb conjugation in Spanish is the same as in English. However, only the details are far more complicated. In short, verb conjugation refers to the process of changing a verb form to provide information about the action being performed.

2. What are the five ser conjugations?

Firstly, all five conjugations are different from one another. Hence, the five conjugations are ‘Soy, Eres, Es, Somos, Son. ‘ However, since all five conjugations are different, we don’t have to include the pronoun unless we want to or need to for an explanation.

3. How to learn Spanish conjugation?

  • Firstly, increase Your Spanish Input
  • Secondly, Start getting accustomed With The Most Common Tenses
  • Thirdly, Speak Spanish Every Day
  • Further, Memorise Important Irregular Spanish Verbs
  • Finally, Practice, Practice, And Practice

4. How do you memorize conjugations in Spanish?

To list, the following are the steps to learn Spanish conjugations easily:

  • Firstly, have a grammar book in hand.
  • Secondly, find ways to commit the rules into memory.
  • Thirdly, practice Spanish verb conjugation rules with someone fluent.
  • Finally, read and listen a lot. for instance, watch Spanish tv shows or news. with subtitles on. in addition, listen to Spanish music or podcasts.

5. Why are Spanish verbs so difficult?

Without a doubt, Spanish has many more grammatical difficulties than most other languages. Moreover, while other languages lack gender in nouns or their irregular verbs have similarities with the infinitive, Spanish has different laws that make it difficult to learn even for native speakers.

6.  Is Spanish conjugating hard?

In fact, the hardest lesson for new speakers is to give the different forms of placement. Moreover, learning a Spanish verb entails more than just one word. In addition, Spanish verbs are conjugated by the number and the person. Therefore, this means that you’ll need to memorize around five (or six, if you’re learning Castilian Spanish) different verb endings for each.

7. What are the 7 Uses of Ser?

Specifically, Ser can be used in seven different situations or more.

Firstly, The hour, day, and date.

Secondly, Place of origin.

Thirdly, Occupation.

Fourthly, Nationality.

Further, Religious or political affiliation.

Furthermore, The material something is made of.

Then, Possession.

Next, Relationship of one person to another.

Additionally, Where an event is taking place.

Finally, Essential qualities.

8. How do you know if it is imperfect or preterite?

To explain, the first rule of thumb for choosing which tense to use is that the preterite talks about what you did. On the other hand, the imperfect talks about what you were doing or what you used to do.

9.   How to conjugate any Spanish Verb in easy steps?

  • Firstly, get to know the basics of Spanish Conjugation.
  • Secondly, learn how to give the other forms of regular verbs in the present tense.
  • Thirdly, learn how to give the other forms of Reflexive Verbs in the Present Tense.
  • Fourthly, learn how to give the other forms of in the present progressive.
  • Further, learn how to give the other forms of in the past tense.
  • Furthermore, learn how to give the other forms of in the future tense.
  • Next, stop being afraid of irregular verbs.
  • Additionally, get to know stem-changing verbs.
  • Then, learn to admit irregular yo forms.
  • Likewise, learn to spot spelling-changing verbs.
  • Similarly, remember the most common irregular verbs.
  • Finally, practice giving the different forms of Spanish verbs with online resources.