Tuesday, 18 Jan 2022
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Acostarse Conjugation in Spanish | Present tense, past tense, subjunctive and much more

Acostarse conjugation signifies ‘to sleep.’ This lesson also demonstrates how to conjugate this verb in the present subjunctive tense using examples from real-life interactions. Thus, if you’re exhausted after a long day, and it’s time to retire. This situation frequently reminds you of your mother’s advice: ‘I hope you get to bed early enough.’ Or maybe it’s just the middle of the day, and you need to relax. So, even if you can’t go to bed to sleep, you can always lie down. You’ve probably heard doctors remark, ‘It’s advised that you go to bed early to feel refreshed.’ Acostarse (ah-Kohs-TAHR-she) is a Spanish verb that meaning ‘to go to bed.’

As you can see, it ends in se, indicating that it is a reflexive verb. Thus, the term reflexive refers to going to bed being performed by and for the individual doing the action. When your mother says, ‘I hope you go to bed,’ or your doctor says, ‘It is suggested that you lie down,’ we get the present subjunctive. However, in Spanish, the subjunctive verb form is not the same as the present tense. Because the form changes, we study the conjugation of costars in the present subjunctive.

Hence, if you also want to know more about this topic, you’re welcome here. Read on as we explain the ways the Acostarse Conjugation works.

                                                     

Acostarse Conjugation

Do you go to bed at the same time every day? How about on the weekends? Hence, to discuss this with Spanish speakers, you must first learn to conjugate the word acostarse (pronounced ah-Kohs-TAHR-set), which means ‘to go to bed.’

Learn how to conjugate this verb in the present tense as well as the present progressive tense. Therefore, to do this, we’ll hear from Nico and Isabel, who will discuss their routines and sleeping patterns.

Example

Let’s listen to Nico and Isabel discuss their weekly schedule.

Nico: What time do you usually access? (When do you usually go to bed?)

Isabel: We all have different schedules at home. (At home, we all have different schedules.) My parents get up early, about 8:00 a.m. because they work almost every day. (Because they get up early virtually every day, my parents go to bed early, at half-past nine.)

I almost always acuesto a las once y levanto a las siete. (I nearly always go to bed at eleven o’clock and get up at seven o’clock.) And my brother arrives late since he works in the evenings. (In addition, because he works the night shift, my brother gets to bed late.)

Acostarse Conjugation in Spanish

Acostarse is a Spanish irregular reflexive verb that means “to sleep.” It is also the most used irregular reflexive verb (acostarse). It featured on the 100 Most Used Spanish Verbs Poster. Go to Acostarse Preterite Tense Conjugation for the preterite tense conjugation.

Acostarse Participio

Acostado is the participio of Acostarse. Thus, by combining the auxiliary word Haber with the participio, the present perfect tense is produced.

Acostarse Gerundio

Acostarse’s gerundio is acostando. Hence, the present continuous tense is produced by combining the gerundio with the auxiliary verb Estar.

Regular vs. Irregular Verbs

When a verb’s conjugation follows a predictable pattern, it is referred to be a regular verb. An irregular verb is one that does not perfectly match these patterns. Therefore, three typical patterns in Spanish are for verbs ending in ar, er, and it.

Acostarse Conjugation Preterite

The verb acostarse is pronominal, as shown by these in the infinitive. Hence, this implies that when we conjugate it, we’ll need to put a pronoun in front of it, depending on the person.

In the preceding instances, Tom and Carla are discussing completed acts in the past. Therefore they employ the preterite. In this sense, the verb acostarse retains its stem cost-, to which we shall add the correct ends for each person.

Subject Pronouns and their translations

 

Subject Pronouns

 

Translation

yo me acostéI went to bed

 

tú te acostasteyou went to bed

 

él/ella/usted se acostóhe or she or you (formal) went to bed

 

nosotros nos acostamoswe went to bed
vosotros os acostasteisyou all went to bed

 

ellos/ellas/ustedes se acostaronthey or you all (formal) went to bed

Acostarse Conjugation Present Tense

When discussing habits or routines, we utilize the present tense. So, using the presence of Acostarse, you may state what time you normally go to bed or question others if they go to bed late on weekends.

Before we go into its conjugation, there are a few things we need to know about acostarse:

The -se in the infinitive indicates that this is a reflexive verb, which means that the action is performed by and for oneself. In Spanish, we must include a reflexive pronoun IN FRONT of every form when conjugating a reflexive verb. These pronouns are (in subject order): me/te/se/nos/os/se. Since acostarse is a stem-changing verb, the stem vowel changes in the present tense. Hence, to conjugate, use the irregular stem access- for all forms EXCEPT Nosotros/as and Nosotros/as.

Subject
Pronouns
Present
Tense
PronunciationTranslation
yome acuesto(meh ah-KWEHS-toh)I go to bed
te acuestas(teh ah-KWEHS-tahs)you go to bed
él/ella
usted
se acuesta(seh ah-KWEHS-tah)he/she goes to bed –
you (formal) go to bed
nosotros/
nosotras
nos acostamos(nohs ah-kohs-TAH-mohs)we go to bed
vosotros/
vosotras
os acostáis(ohs ah-kohs-TIYS)you all go to bed
ellos/ellas
ustedes
se acuestan(seh ah-KWEHS-tahn)they go to bed /
you all go to bed

Acostarse Conjugation Reflexive

You’ll note that the reflexive pronoun se appears in the infinitive form of acostarse. Hence, this shows that it is a reflexive verb, meaning that the action returns to the subject who does it. For example, yo I acuesto can be translated as “I lay myself down” or “I put myself to bed.” This verb is used in phrases such as Ella se acuesta temprano (She goes to bed early) and Nosotros nos acostamos en el piso (We lay down on the floor). Moreover, this verb can also be used metaphorically to indicate having sexual contact with someone or “sleeping” with someone. El hombre se acostó con su Novia, for example, would be translated as “The man slept with his girlfriend.”

Additionally, you can also use costar without the reflexive pronoun to signify to lay something or someone down or to put someone to bed. For example, you may say Él cuesta a Los Rios Temprano (He puts the kids to bed early) or Los enfermeros acostaron al paciente en la Camilla (The nurses cared for the patient in the Camilla) (The nurses laid the patient down on the stretcher).

Acosta, like mortar, is a stem-changing verb. This indicates that the vowel of the verb stem changes in various conjugations. In this example, the o is replaced with ue.

Acostarse Conjugation Past Tense

Carla has just arrived at school when she comes upon Tom, who appears to be wary.

Carla responds, “You seem tired.” (‘You seem weary.’) What time did you wake up today? (‘What time did you go to bed the night before?’)

Tom responds, “I’m a polvo!” (‘I’m exhausted!’) I woke up around 3 a.m. and didn’t sleep a wink. (‘I went to bed at 3 a.m. and didn’t get any sleep.’)

Carla yells, “Vaya!” (‘Wow!) Because we all got up early at home, I had a lot of energy today. (‘We all went to bed early at home, so I have a lot of energy today.’)

Subject PronounsAcostarse Conjugation: PreteriteTranslation
yome acostéI went to bed
te acostasteyou went to bed
él/ella/ustedse acostóhe or she or you (formal) went to bed
nosotrosnos acostamoswe went to bed
vosotrosos acostasteisyou all went to bed
ellos/ellas/ustedesse acostaronthey or you all (formal) went to bed

Acostarse Conjugation Subjunctive

The present subjunctive indicates a desire, hope, or scepticism. Moreover, you may also use acostarse to inform someone that you hope, desire, want, or doubt that they go to bed. Also, the present subjunctive is used when you inform someone that was going to bed is essential, good, or suggested. Thus, some examples of frequent phrases are:

‘I hope that…’ (ehs-PEH-ROH keh) means ‘I hope that…’

‘Deseo Que…’ (deh-seh-oh Keh) is Spanish for ‘I wish that…’

‘Quiero Que…’ (kee-EH-ROH Keh) is Spanish for ‘I desire that…’

Es necesario que… (ehs new-she-SAH-reach Keh) translates as ‘It is required that…’

It’s good that… (as BWEH-noh keh) meaning ‘It’s nice that…’

It is advised that… (as reh-Koh-mean-dah-bleh keh) means ‘It is suggested that…’

It is critical that… (ehs eem-pohr-TAHN-the keh) means ‘It is critical that…’

Dudo que… (DOO-doh keh) means ‘I have my doubts…’

You also don’t need to state the subject pronoun for you, t, Nosotros/as, and Nosotros/as. This is since their corresponding reflexive pronouns already reveal who the subject pronoun is. Thus, they all also share the same reflexive pronoun. However you would clarify who the subject pronoun is in the case of él, Ella, used, and their plural forms.